HPV IgG Test
Human papillomavirus infection (HPV infection) is an infection by human papillomavirus (HPV). Most HPV infections cause no symptoms and resolve spontaneously. HPV types 16 and 18 are the most common oncogenic HPV types, responsible for about 70% of all cervical cancers. An HPV infection is caused by human papillomavirus, a DNA virus from the papillomavirus family, of which over 170 types are known. These types are typically spread by sustained direct skin-to-skin contact, with vaginal and anal sex being the most common methods. Occasionally, it can spread from a mother to her baby during pregnancy. People can become infected with more than one type ofHPV.7 HPV affects only humans.
Since 2007, HPV vaccination has been widely available in developed countries as well as in some developing countries. Vaccines to prevent HPV infection have the potential to drastically reduce the global burden of cervical cancer. Three U.S. Food and Drug-Administration approved HPV vaccines, Cervarix, Gardasil, and Gardasil-9, are commercially available to protect against HPV16 and HPV18. Earlier studies have shown that Cervarix and Gardasil vaccine induce persistently high levels of neutralizing antibodies against HPV antigen, especially IgG and IgA. The presence of HPV IgG antibodies in human whole blood, serum or plasma may indicate the HPV immunization status. The HPV IgG Rapid Test uses HPV16 and HPVl 8 antigens to detect IgG antibodies to human papillomavirus.